North Korea touts weapons test as enhancement of its nuclear capabilities


North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has observed the test firing of a new type of tactical guided weapon aimed at boosting the country’s nuclear capabilities, the North’s KCNA state news agency reported on Sunday.

The report comes amid signs North Korea could soon resume nuclear testing, according to South Korean and U.S. officials, and after Kim broke a self-imposed moratorium on intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) testing with a launch last month.

South Korea’s military said on Sunday it had detected two projectiles launched from the North’s east coast toward the sea late on Saturday, which flew about 110 kilometres with an apogee of 25 kilometres and maximum speed of under Mach 4.

“The new-type tactical guided weapon system … is of great significance in drastically improving the firepower of the frontline long-range artillery units and enhancing the efficiency in the operation of tactical nukes,” KCNA said.

KCNA did not say when the test took place and gave no details of the missile involved.

This undated handout picture released by KCNA on Sunday purports to show the test-fire of a new-type tactical guided weapon. (KCNA/KNS/AFP/Getty Image)

Upon guiding the test, Kim “gave important instructions on further building up the defence capabilities and nuclear combat forces of the country,” the KCNA said.

Ankit Panda, a senior fellow at the U.S.-based Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the weapon was likely a short-range ballistic missile and the North’s first tactical nuclear weapon delivery system.

North Korea has a domestic imperative to make and perfect weapons ordered by Kim despite what the United States does or does not do — and the tests tell people that North Korea is strong, said Duyeon Kim, a North Korea expert at the U.S.-based Center for a New American Security.

One reason for the timing could be to protest anticipated joint U.S.-South Korea military drills, she added.

On Saturday the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division, based in South Korea, shared photos of troops test firing a multiple launch rocket system (MLRS), though it was unclear when the drills took place.

The live-fire exercises were to “ensure we maintain our readiness here in support of the ROK-US Alliance,” the division said on Twitter, using the initials of South Korea’s official name, the Republic of Korea.

U.S. and South Korean officials have noted activities at the North’s Punggye-ri nuclear test site which could be preparations for a test, although the timing and nature of such a test were unclear.

U.S. Special Representative Sung Kim is due in Seoul on Monday for a five-day visit to discuss a response to the North’s recent missile launches with his South Korean counterparts.

U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim, right, and South Korea’s Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs Noh Kyu-duk are seen in Seoul in October 2021. (Ahn Young-joon/The Associated Press)

The United States has said it is open to talks with North Korea at any time and without preconditions, but Pyongyang has so far rebuffed those overtures, accusing Washington of maintaining hostile policies such as sanctions and military drills.

The KCNA report also came shortly after North Korea celebrated on Friday the 110th anniversary of the birth of late founder Kim Il Sung, one of the biggest annual public holidays in the country, but without a military parade

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