Lebanon’s chief prosecutor orders all suspects in 2020 port explosion released


Lebanon’s top prosecutor ordered all suspects detained in the investigation into the deadly 2020 port blast in Beirut released, a lawyer for two detainees and judicial officials said on Wednesday.

The move by chief prosecutor Ghassan Oweidat is another blow to the investigation, which has stalled for years. The probe has threatened to rattle Lebanon’s ruling elite, which is rife with corruption and mismanagement and has helped push the country into an unprecedented economic meltdown.

The decision came after Judge Tarek Bitar on Monday resumed the investigation into the devastating port blast, following a 13-month halt over legal challenges raised by politicians accused in the probe — including the chief prosecutor.

Bitar in a statement Wednesday said Oweidat’s decision to release the detainees was “illegal” and said he was committed to completing the investigation.

“Judge Oweidat cannot charge a judge who previously charged him in the port investigation due to conflict of interests,” Bitar’s statement read.

218 killed, over 6,000 insured

Seventeen detainees have been held for years in pre-trial detention after the massive port blast on Aug. 4, 2020. Hundreds of tonnes of highly explosive ammonium nitrate, a material used in fertilizers, detonated at Beirut Port, killing 218 people, injuring over 6,000 and damaging large parts of the Lebanese capital.

Lawyer Sakher El Hachem, who represents former port authority head Hassan Koraytem and a former port official, U.S. citizen Ziad al-Ouf, told The Associated Press that they received confirmation of the decision from the judiciary and that his clients would be released Wednesday.

The judicial officials also said that Oweidat, who defied Bitar’s decision to resume the paralyzed investigation, will press charges against him. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media.

Two men standing outside hold identical pictures of three men in suits. Beneath the men in those pictures are three caskets draped with the Lebanese flag. A woman also standing outside holds a photo of a smiling man.
Relatives of the victims of the port explosion hold portraits of their deceased loved ones during a protest in front of a Beirut police barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, on Jan. 16. (Bilal Hussein/The Associated Press)

The officials said that Oweidat sent a police officer to Bitar’s residence to notify him of the charges and instruct Bitar to visit his office, but the maverick investigator declined to speak with him.

Oweidat did not immediately respond to calls from The Associated Press seeking comment.

Mody Koraytem, the sister of the former port authority head, said the detainees’ release was long overdue and she claimed that they were all innocent.

“As port administration there wasn’t anything they could have done about it [the ammonium nitrate],” she said, adding that they did their jobs given that the judiciary cleared the deadly cargo to enter the port.

Some of the detainees had already left prison by late afternoon Wednesday, including former customs chief Badri Daher.

“Oweidat did the right legal thing,” Daher’s lawyer, Celine Atallah, said. Daher was not available for comment.

Bitar is the second investigator to lead the probe into the port blast and has charged over a dozen senior political, security, port and security officials.

Some survivors hope for UN fact-finding mission

On Monday, Bitar ordered the release of five of 17 detainees in the case and charged eight officials, among them top intelligence officials Maj.-Gen. Abbas Ibrahim and Maj.-Gen. Tony Saliba, as well as Oweidat.

The judge also summoned at least 14 politicians and judicial, security and customs officials for questioning in February. Senior officials have repeatedly refused to show up for questioning since the start of the probe.

About a dozen people walk in an open space of loose dirt. A city skyline is visible in the background. Also in the background but closer, a destroyed but still-standing structure looms.
A French delegation visits the site of the 2020 Beirut port explosion on Jan. 2, 2023. (Anwar Amro/AFP/Getty Images)

Bitar took his post following the removal in February 2021 of Judge Fadi Sawwan over complaints of bias by two cabinet ministers. If he is also removed, it could be the final blow to the investigation.

Most families of the blast’s victims have endorsed Bitar and called on authorities to allow for a thorough and unobstructed investigation. Some however have lost hope in a domestic probe and have advocated for a UN-mandated fact-finding mission.

Lebanon’s political leadership have accused Bitar without evidence of being biased in his investigation, with some demanding his removal.

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