COVID-19 case climb prompts Japan to widen state of emergency

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Japan has declared a state of emergency in three more prefectures hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said on Friday, a surprise move that reflects growing concern about the spread of the coronavirus.

The latest declaration comes as Japan grapples with a surge of a more infectious virus strain just 10 weeks before the Tokyo Olympics are due to start on July 23.

Hokkaido, Okayama and Hiroshima will join Tokyo, Osaka and four other prefectures on Sunday under a state of emergency until May 31, Suga told a news conference, adding that this was due to a rapid increase of cases in those areas.

With an eye on the economy, the government had originally proposed a more targeted “quasi-emergency” declaration for five additional prefectures.

“Experts told us that a state of emergency was needed due to the rapid spread in these areas,” Suga said, adding that a stronger message had been needed.

The less stringent measures will be widened to three prefectures as planned.

Olympics 2 months away

The latest measures bring 19 of Japan’s 47 prefectures, home to about 70 per cent of the population, under curbs such as an 8 p.m. closing deadline for eateries and a ban on alcohol at most bars and restaurants.

They also come just over two months before the Olympics, postponed for a year due to the pandemic and now set to start on July 23.

Passersby wearing protective face masks walk in Tokyo Friday near a countdown clock for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, which were postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 outbreak. (Naoki Ogura/Reuters)

Suga reiterated that the Olympics could be held while ensuring the safety of both athletes and Japanese nationals.

“As for the Olympics, I am aware that there are various opinions [about holding the event], but our priority is stemming the spread of infections and protecting the lives and health of the Japanese people,” he added.

Economic impact

Dai-ichi Life Research Institute estimated that the state of emergency in nine prefectures could slash about 1 trillion yen (more than $11 billion Cdn) from gross domestic product and cut 57,000 jobs over the coming months.

On Friday, a Reuters poll showed the economy would grow much more slowly than previously hoped this quarter, hobbled by emergency curbs.

Experts say medical resources are being pushed to the brink, while Japan’s inoculation drive has been the slowest among advanced nations. According to CBC’s vaccine tracker, only 3.2 per cent of people in Japan have received at least one dose.

Suga’s popularity has been hit by what many see as his government’s inadequate virus response. A fresh poll by Jiji News put the cabinet’s approval rating at 32.2 per cent, down 4.4 points from the previous survey.

Persistent opposition to Games

The northern island prefecture of Hokkaido, set to host the marathon, reported a record 712 cases on Thursday. Japan’s tally of infections stands at about 656,000, with 11,161 deaths, and Tokyo, the capital, reported 854 new cases on Friday.

The state of emergency in Tokyo and elsewhere would run through this month, leaving fewer than two months until the Olympics.

A petition for cancellation of the Olympics quickly garnered more than 350,000 signatures. (Naoki Ogura/Reuters)

Public opposition to the Summer Games, already postponed a year from 2020 because of the global pandemic, has persisted.

A change.org petition for cancellation of the Olympics garnered more than 350,000 signatures in just nine days, a record pace for the forum’s Japan version, the campaign organizer said.

It was submitted to the chiefs of the Olympic and Paralympic committees, as well as Tokyo Gov. Yuriko Koike.

In a rare and blunt expression of trepidation by a high-profile businessman, SoftBank Group Corp chief executive Masayoshi Son said he was “afraid” of holding the Games, fearing for both Japan and the countries sending athletes.



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